Using Comparative Adjectives

Contributor: Tara Ondra. Lesson ID: 13194

No two things are alike. How do you compare them? Learn the rules and practice making comparisons.

categories

Grammar

subject
English / Language Arts
learning style
Visual
personality style
Lion, Beaver
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Skill Sharpener

Lesson Plan - Get It!

Audio:

Look at the two animals pictured above.

  • What adjectives can you use to describe them?
  • What are their similarities?
  • What are their differences?

Take a moment to think about these questions before scrolling down.

Did you think of any of these adjectives?

  • cute
  • furry
  • small
  • big
  • scary
  • dangerous

So, how can we compare two things? Or, in this case specifically, how can you compare two animals?

Let's start with the adjective small:

  • The kitten is smaller than the bear.

kitten and bear

Let's try the adjective dangerous.

  • The bear is more dangerous than the kitten.

kitten and bear

  • Did you notice any differences in the structure of the sentences?

Let's look at the rules for forming comparatives.

  1. For short (one-syllable) adjectives, add er to the adjective.
    Note that if the adjective ends in an e, just add r.

Here are some examples:

  • cute + r = cuter
  • big + er = bigger
  • large + r = larger

bear is cute, kitten is cuter

  1. For adjectives that end in a consonant + y, change the y to an i and add er.

Here are some examples:

  • scary - y + i + er = scarier
  • heavy - y + i + er = heavier
  • furry - y + i + er = furrier

kitten is heavy, bear is heavier

  1. For adjectives that are two or more syllables, add more before the adjective.

Here are some examples:

  • more dangerous
  • more intelligent
  • more beautiful

bear is more dangerous

  1. When you form the sentence about the two things, you must also add the word than to complete the comparison.

Here are some examples:

  • The bear is bigger than the kitten.
  • The bear is heavier than the kitten.
  • The bear is more dangerous than the kitten.

the bear is bigger than the kitten

  1. Don't forget, there are always irregular words.

Here are some examples of irregular adjectives that don't follow the above rules:

  • good → better
  • bad → worse
  • far → farther

kitten is bad, bear is worse

Let's watch Comparatives grammar animation - Mosaic, from OUPSpain, to review these rules:

Resource not working? Report issue.

 

Ready to practice these rules in the Got It? section? Click NEXT to continue.

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