Weather and Climate

Contributor: Jodi Powell. Lesson ID: 10739

Whether you think about it or not, weather affects more than whether you wear a coat or shorts! Weather patterns create climates that affect all of life! Videos, articles, maps, and projects galore!


Earth Science, World

learning style
Auditory, Kinesthetic, Visual
personality style
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!

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  • Do you live in a place where you experience the four seasons?
  • Do you prefer a cold winter night, watching the snow fall outside the window?
  • Or perhaps you prefer the heat of the sun on a relaxing summer afternoon?

Weather and climate affect where people go and live as well as what they do.

  • How do weather and climate affect your daily life?
  • Do you have a favorite type of weather?

Maybe you like to ski; cold, snowy winters are your favorite. Perhaps you're a beach-goer and live for the feel of the sun's warm rays!

  • Is a fantastic fall night the perfect fit for you?

Climate and weather affect how you live and even what you do.

First, let's differentiate between climate and weather.

Weather is the short-term changes in the air for a given place and time.

Climate is a region's average weather conditions over a long period.

The difference between weather and climate is explained in the following video.

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Next, watch the video below to learn more about climate.

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  • What affects the climate?

Watch another video to find out!

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Since wind and water can carry heat from place to place, each significantly affects climate and weather.

Learn about wind and how it affects climate with this next video.

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  • How do the oceans affect weather?

It seems like a simple question, but watch the video below for a more detailed response.

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The earth consists of five main climate zones.

  • tropical
  • temperate
  • dry
  • polar
  • highland

Each division is subdivided. View the map below to identify the different zones. (Note that various resources categorize these zones slightly differently.)

climate zone map

Then, watch the following video to further explain these divisions.

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Wow! That was a lot of information.

Put it all together as you read All About Climate.

Then, continue to the Got It? section to examine the climates of your chosen places.

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