Taiga: Animals

Contributor: Samantha Penna. Lesson ID: 11265

When you think of animals in cold climates, what do you think of? Polar bears? Penguins? They are not in the taiga, but lots of interesting cats, canines, and coleoptera live there. Watch and learn!


Life Science, World

learning style
personality style
Grade Level
Intermediate (3-5)
Lesson Type
Quick Query

Lesson Plan - Get It!

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The cold climate of the taiga affects the types of animals that can survive there.

In this lesson, you will learn about the animals found in the taiga and what they do to survive the frigid temperatures!

Let's do a quick review of what you learned in the two previous Related Lessons, found in the right-hand sidebar.

Before you review the information below, write a short paragraph about what you have learned about the taiga. When you are finished, compare what you wrote with what is written below:

The taiga is found in the northern hemisphere. The climate of the taiga is cold and mostly dry. The taiga rarely gets precipitation in the winter; most of its precipitation happens in the summer.

The taiga has two other names: the coniferous forest and boreal forest.

The taiga is home to coniferous trees that are equipped to survive the cold temperatures. Their needle-like leaves hold very little sap; this keeps them warm. Their leaves are a dark green color so they can absorb more sunlight. They are shaped like a cone to keep snow from piling up and breaking the branches. Small, ground-hugging plants are also found in the taiga.

  • Did you remember all that information from the last two lessons?



The cold climate of the taiga makes it challenging for most animals to live there. Read on to learn about how animals survive such a harsh environment!


Many types of mammals are found in the taiga. For example, lynxes, minks, bears, squirrels, wolves, foxes, caribou, reindeer, and moose can be found here.

The mammals that live in the taiga usually have thick fur or multiple layers of fur to keep them warm when the temperatures are low. Some animals, like bears, hibernate during the winter months. This means bears sleep through the entire winter season. Other animals migrate out of the taiga to warmer climates during the winter season.

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Birds and insects can also be found in the taiga. Some examples of birds are boreal owls, yellow-bellied flycatchers, northern shrikes, boreal chickadees, ruby-crowned kinglets, gray jays, and many more.

Some of these birds stay in the taiga all year round; others migrate to a warmer climate during the winter months. The birds in the taiga feed on tree seeds and insects.

Some examples of insects birds eat in the taiga are spruce-bark beetles, larch sawflies, spruce budworms, and mountain pine beetles.

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Migrate on to the Got It? section to learn more about the animals found in the taiga.

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