The Fertile Crescent: Early Mesopotamia

Contributor: Lisa Ott. Lesson ID: 10219

In this lesson, using diagrams and games, you learn more about Egyptian and Sumerian civilizations and how the people relied on natural surroundings and the contributions of inventions for survival.


World, World Cultures

learning style
Auditory, Visual
personality style
Beaver, Golden Retriever
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Quick Query

Lesson Plan - Get It!


Carrying a heavy load of rocks is much easier if you have a wheel barrow. Keeping track of the days leading up to a birthday celebration is easier using a calendar. Do you know what those statements have in common? Some of the earliest inventions that impacted human civilization and remain important in our lives date back to ancient times!

One of the great contributions the Sumerians made to civilization was their many inventions.

Many believe they invented the first form of writing, a number system, the first wheeled vehicles, sun-dried bricks, and irrigation for farming! All of these things were important for the development of human civilization.

Consider how important these inventions were to life in ancient times for people living in the Fertile Crescent, as well as how important these items are to your life today!

The inventions were most likely developed by civilizations living in Mesopotamia’s Fertile Crescent during ancient times. What was special about this part of the world?

The Fertile Crescent was located near two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, that provided the fertile soils and water needed to survive. The needs of these ancient peoples sparked inventions that contributed to the civilizations in many ways.

Learn more about life in early Mesopotamia by visiting some of the resources listed in the Got It? section.

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