Lesson Plan - Get It!
Bob made thousands of unsuccessful soufflés.
Bob made a successful soufflé.
- How would you express these events in a single sentence?
Keep reading to find out!
The most direct way to express these events in a single sentence would be:
Bob had made thousands of soufflés before he made one successfully.
This sentence utilizes the past perfect tense (had made) to indicate that, while both of these events happened in the past, one happened before the other.
A verb's tense is its place in time.
- When did this action or state of being occur?
The most common tenses are past, present, and future:
From these simple tenses, there are conditions that add further meaning to the verb's place in time.
The perfect tense is a way of expressing the completion of actions, relative to the point in time of completion.
- Past perfect indicates that something occurred previous to another past event.
- Present perfect indicates that something happened at an indefinite point in the past.
- Future perfect indicates that something will be completed by the time a future thing occurs.
Read each sentence below and decide which perfect tense is being used:
How to Form Perfect Tense
To form the perfect tense, you use a form of have plus the past participle.
Here are the formulas for each construction:
||have or has
- But what are participles?
Participles are words that are formed from verbs that are used as adjectives or in forming verb tenses (like perfect tense).
Though there are irregular verbs that do not follow typical rules, they typically end with:
Here are a few examples:
||was or were
Try It Out
Form the past perfect, present perfect, and future perfect of the following infinitives:
Some of the irregular verb forms can be difficult to remember from time to time. There's no real trick--it just takes memorization.
When in doubt, always double check to make sure you're using the correct past participle.
Click through to the Got It? section to check your understanding with practice exercises.