Lesson Plan - Get It!
Squanto, Sequoyah, Jim Thorpe, and Charles Curtis all lived very different lives, but each contributed something unique to American — and Indigenous American — history!
In this lesson, you'll watch several videos to learn about these famous Native American men. As you watch the videos, have some paper ready for taking notes.
Write down their tribes, birth and death, family, accomplishments, and legacy (what they're remembered for, honors they received, and things named after them).You'll use this information later.
Born in 1585 in Massachusetts, Squanto was called Tisquantum by his parents. He was a member of the Pawtuxet tribe. He was kidnapped by an Englishman who wanted to sell him into slavery and taken to Spain.
Some Catholic monks set him free, taught him Christianity, and cared for him. He later went to England, lived with a family there, and learned English. This would prove very useful to him when he could return to his home in 1619.
When he returned to America, he discovered an infection epidemic had killed his entire tribe.
In 1620, Squanto used his knowledge of the English language to help foster relationships between the Pokanoket tribe and the English settlers on the Mayflower.
Watch the following video to learn more.
- For what is Squanto best remembered?
Sequoyah, also spelled Sequoya or Sequoia, was born near Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1770.
His mother was a member of the Cherokee Nation. His father was probably white, but no one knew who he was. Sequoyah helped his mother by working in the garden and caring for the cattle while she ran a trading post.
Early in life, he was somehow wounded and physically disabled. Knowing he could not survive as a farmer or warrior, he became a silversmith and later took over the trading post when his mother died.
Though he never went to school, he was brilliant and loved to invent new things. In 1809, he began creating an alphabet so that the Cherokee language could be written down.
He first tried to make a picture for each word. Realizing that was too complicated; he came up with another system. He worked on it for a long time. Finally, in 1823, his alphabet and writing system were officially adopted by the Cherokee.
Learn more by watching the following video. Remember to take notes!
When the Cherokee leaders realized what a great gift Sequoyah had given them, they gave him a medal. It's said that he wore that medal for the rest of his life!
- Why do you think that medal was so important to him?
Jim Thorpe was born in 1887 in what is now Oklahoma. A member of the Sac and Fox tribe, his Indian name was Wa-Tho-Huk, which means Bright Path.
Jim had a difficult childhood. He had a twin brother, Charles, who died when he was 9. Jim's mother died two years later.
Jim hated going to school and ran away several times. Finally, his father sent him away to the Indian school in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The coach there, named Glenn "Pop" Warner, recognized that he was a talented athlete and encouraged him to compete in track and field events.
Later, Jim would go on to play college football, professional football, and professional baseball and to win gold medals in the 1912 Olympics.
Learn more about Jim's football career by watching #37: Jim Thorpe | The Top 100: NFL's Greatest Players (2010) | NFL Films.
Strangely, Jim Thorpe represented America in the Olympics even though he was not recognized as a U.S. citizen!
As you learned at the beginning of the lesson, Native Americans were not granted citizenship until 1924. Maybe that's why some people found it easy to take advantage of him and why he ended up having his Olympic medals and records taken away.
To learn about Jim's Olympic experience, watch the video below.
In 1983, the Olympic committee restored Jim Thorpe's gold medals and gave them to his children.
- How do you think young Native Americans were inspired by watching Jim's success?
Charles Curtis was the son of a white man and an Indigenous American woman.
His mother was a member of the Kaw tribe. He was born in 1860 in Topeka, Kansas. His mother was a descendant of two chiefs: Chief White Plume of the Kaw tribe and Chief Pawhuska of the Osage tribe.
Charles's mother died when he was three. His father was often away, so his maternal grandparents (his mother's parents) cared for him. When the Kaw tribe was forced to move from their land, his grandmother urged him to go to his father's parents.
It was sad to leave his beloved grandparents and tribe, but he knew it would be best for him. So he lived with his paternal grandparents while he went to high school.
Later, Curtis became a lawyer and ran for Congress. He had a long political career and eventually became the United States Vice President under Herbert Hoover from 1929 to 1933.
Watch three segments of the following video to learn more about Curtis Charles.
- Would you have made the same choice Charles did?
Now that you've learned about some famous Native American men head over to the Got It? section, where you'll organize all your information and decide which of these great men you'd like to meet!