Basics of the Muscular System

Contributor: Hannah Brooks. Lesson ID: 12636

Are you aware of everything that's going on in your body right now? If you were, you'd go crazy! There are muscles in your body that work to keep you going without you paying attention! Take a look!


Life Science

learning style
personality style
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!

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Watch this quick video of a cat that is so tired, it doesn't move a muscle!

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  • Have you ever felt that tired?

The truth is you are always moving at least some muscles; otherwise, your heart, eyes, tongue, and everything else would stop! Learn about those and the other 600 muscles in your body!

Your body has a complex muscle system that functions to help you grow and move.

There are over 600 muscles in your body, each with a specific job!

Some muscles are involuntary, meaning that they operate without instructions from the brain, while others are voluntary and must be instructed to move.

  • Do you tell your heart to beat?

The heart is a great example of an involuntary muscle because it contracts without any direct instructions!

heart muscle

No matter what job the muscle has, every muscle comprises tiny fibers bundled densely together. These cells contract and are released as needed by the body.

bicep muscle

The job of the muscle depends on the type of muscle. There are three types: smooth, cardiac, and skeletal muscles.

muscle tissue

Smooth Muscle

Smooth muscles have a smooth appearance because they are made of sheets or layers. Smooth muscle is involuntary, meaning that you cannot control it.

Examples of smooth muscle include the esophagus, which passes food from the mouth to the stomach. It contracts to move food down without direction from the brain. The muscles along your digestive tract contract and release to move the food through the intestines, where the body takes in nutrients.

Smooth muscles are found throughout your body, helping you function daily!

Cardiac Muscle

Cardiac muscle is only found in the heart and is involuntary! It is an exceptional type of muscle that helps the heart pump blood to the entire body.

It is similar to skeletal muscle but has a structure that allows the cells to contract in a wave-like pattern, so the muscle acts as a pump for blood.

Skeletal or Striated Muscle

The last type of muscle is skeletal muscle or striated muscle. This type of muscle is voluntary, and it helps you move. You use these muscles to run, jump, and kick a soccer ball.

Skeletal muscles work with your skeletal system to allow growth and movement. They are attached to bones by tendons. Tendons are dense, tough tissue that provides an attachment between bones and muscles.

Look at the image of an elbow below.

  • Notice how the biceps tendon attaches the bicep muscle to the radius bone?

This connection allows the arm to bend and stretch.

elbow muscle

These muscles work together to help you breathe, digest food, and enjoy time outdoors.

Without involuntary muscles, you would have to control life processes like pumping blood or swallowing food. Voluntary muscles help you walk, lift babies, and swim. Both types are needed to grow and develop!

Move to the Got It? section to explore more about muscle groups in the body.

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