Adjectives

Contributor: Delaine Thomas. Lesson ID: 12460

Imagine an artist who has one little pencil and must create a painting of a rainbow or bowl of colorful fruit. That's as sad as trying to write about something with plain, boring words. Here's help!

categories

Grammar

subject
English / Language Arts
learning style
Visual
personality style
Lion, Beaver
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Skill Sharpener

Lesson Plan - Get It!

Audio:

Black Forest of Germany

What words would you use to describe this scene? How would you share the beauty of the images? Can you paint a picture of the scene using your tongue as a paintbrush and words as paints?

The picture above is a village in the Black Forest of Germany.

The photographer of the scene was so entranced by the beauty that he or she gave it the title, “Scenic panoramic landscape of a picturesque mountain valley in spring.” But that’s not all; the photographer then added, “Scenic historic village with blossoming trees and traditional houses.”

How many adjectives do you think the person used to describe this scene?

  • There are five in the first sentence: "scenic," "panoramic," "a," "picturesque," and "mountain."
  • In the second sentence, there are four: "Scenic," "historic," "blossoming," and "traditional."
  • When you put the two sentences together, there are nine adjectives.

Do you think you could describe this scene better than the title reflects? What adjectives would you use? Better yet, do you know what an adjective is?


An adjective is a word that is used to describe or modify nouns and pronouns. These words are used to help you visualize what is being described, or how it sounds, or even how it smells! Sometimes, the description can make you feel like you are in the scene yourself, experiencing what the character in the book is experiencing. This is great writing!

Adjectives also tell you what kind, how much, or which one. For example, in the phrase "calico cat," "calico" is telling what kind of cat the writer is talking about. If you said you wanted one dozen eggs, "one dozen" tells how many (much) eggs you want. If you said that you wanted to sit on this chair, then the word "this" is identifying which chair you want to sit on.

There are also comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. We use these to compare two or more things. Watch Comparatives and Superlatives with Teacher Daniel (Daniel Watson, The English Bug), to see if you remember the difference between comparative and superlative forms of adjectives:

 

Did you discover the difference? You use the comparative form of an adjective when you are comparing two things. You use the superlative form of an adjective when you compare three or more things. Also, when writing the comparative form, you add –er to the adjective, and when you write the superlative form, you use –est.

Now, continue to the Got It? section to practice using adjectives correctly in a sentence.

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