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Queen Victoria

Contributor: Brian Anthony. Lesson ID: 12277

Why do many cultures wear black as a sign of mourning? Can an 18-year-old rule the world's biggest empire? Learn about the amazing 63-year reign of popular Queen Victoria, and bring her back to life!



learning style
personality style
Otter, Golden Retriever
Grade Level
Intermediate (3-5), Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!

  • What people do you think this poem describes, and from what country are they?

Willie, Willie, Harry, Stee,
Harry, Dick, John, Harry Three,
One-To-Three Neds, Richard Two,
Harrys Four-Five-Six ... then who?

Edwards Four-Five, Dick the Bad,
Harrys (twain), Ned Six (the lad),
Mary, Bessie, James you ken,
Then Charlie, Charlie, James again ...

Will & Mary, Anne of gloria,
Georges (four!), Will Four, Victoria,
Edward Seven next, and then
Came George the Fifth in 1910 ...

Ned the Eighth soon abdicated,
So George Six was coronated,
Then Number Two Elizabeth ...
And that's all, folks (I’m out of breath ...)

The poem you just read was all about the kings and queens of Great Britain.

In this lesson, you will explore the life of one of the people mentioned in the poem: Victoria.

Every nation has a form of government and a way of choosing its leaders. Many governments today use some kind of democracy; in other words, the people who live in a country have a big say in choosing their leaders and deciding when they have to step down from their leadership position.

For many centuries, though, one of the most common forms of government was monarchy — rule by a king or queen. There are still a number of monarchies in the world today. Some of them, like Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, and Oman, have a strong leadership role for the king. Most governments with monarchs these days have found ways to limit the power of their king or queen.

One such country is the United Kingdom. This government is known as a constitutional monarchy. See the word “constitution” in “constitutional?” A constitution is an agreement about a form of government. In a constitutional monarchy, the king or queen cannot make their own independent laws, but they support the rest of the government in doing so. They also serve as an important national symbol for their people.

Learn more about the kings and queens who have served England and then the United Kingdom over the centuries. As you read a short article below, note or write down answers to the following questions:

  • When did the monarchy begin?
  • What were the main “dynasties,” or ruling families?
  • How did England become the “United Kingdom?"

Now, read the article, Kings and Queens, courtesy of Dorling Kindersley Limited, and answer the questions above. Click on three or four of the monarchs pictured on the page and try to discover the most interesting thing about that monarch. Make sure one of them is Queen Victoria!

Share your answers with your parent or teacher. Then, discuss the most interesting monarch you found and what you thought made them so interesting.

In the Got It? section, you will take a closer look at the legendary life of one of these monarchs, Queen Victoria.

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