Lesson Plan - Get It!
Have your parent or teacher help you look at the tag in an article of clothing you are currently wearing. Where was it made? Why do you think it was made there? Does it surprise you?
More than likely, your shirt was made somewhere other than the United States.
If your shirt was made outside of the U.S., get out a globe or world map. If you do not have a globe or map available, you can look up a world map online by using a search engine. Have your teacher or parent help you locate the country where your shirt was made on the globe or map. Describe the location of that country. Is it near your country?
At one time, the United States manufactured almost all the goods purchased by its citizens, but today more than 88% of goods purchased in the U.S. were made in a different country. Why do you think most products are manufactured outside the United States? Tell your teacher or parent your idea.
Create the following chart on a piece of paper:
As you read the following information, keep track of all the positive and negative reasons for manufacturing outside the United States on your chart.
There are many pros and cons for manufacturing goods overseas. The biggest reason many companies started manufacturing their goods outside the U.S. is because it is much cheaper to produce goods in other countries. Compared to most countries around the world, the U.S. requires businesses to pay their workers high wages. These high wages make it more expensive to manufacture goods in the U.S. Companies want to create their goods as inexpensively as possible. The less they spend creating goods, the less they have to charge for the item. Consumers are more likely to purchase items if they are sold at a cheaper price. Spending less to manufacture goods also enables companies to make more money.
While goods can be sold at cheaper prices, manufacturing goods overseas can also create problems. For example, when a company moves all of its manufacturing overseas, it takes away jobs from the United States. Data from the U.S. Department of Commerce shows more than 2 million jobs were lost and given to foreign workers when companies moved their manufacturing to outside countries in the 2000s. Another complaint people have about foreign manufacturing is that it exploits, or takes advantage of, foreign workers. In many countries where goods are manufactured, companies can get away with paying employees only a few dollars per week.
Review your pro and con list with your teacher or parent. Based on what you wrote, do you think manufacturing should take place inside or outside the United States? Be sure to explain the reasoning behind your answer.
When you are finished, move on to the Got It? section to discover where most manufacturing takes place.