# Arrays

Contributor: Meghan Vestal. Lesson ID: 11366

If picturing a multiplication problem seems difficult, we offer a ray of hope by showing you the value of an array! Learning to picture a number or word problem is easy, and you will even make a book!

categories

## Arithmetic, Arithmetic, Operations and Algebraic Thinking

subject
Math
learning style
Visual
personality style
Beaver
Intermediate (3-5)
Lesson Type
Quick Query

## Lesson Plan - Get It!

Audio:

Create a mathematical problem using the image above.

• What operation will you use in your problem?

Don't try subtraction by eating the cookies!

• What type of problem did you create to go along with the image above?

Maybe, you created a numerical problem, or maybe you created a word problem.

• What operation did you use?

Show your problem to a teacher or parent and explain your reasoning.

Most likely, you created a multiplication problem to quickly determine the number of cookies on the sheet. Whether you created a numerical or a word problem, you probably used 3 x 5 or 5 x 3 in the problem to represent three columns and five rows, or five rows and three columns, of cookies. The image is an example of an array, and arrays are used to represent multiplication problems.

Multiplication is just a way to simplify long addition problems. For example, if Mrs. Jones has three children and each child gets five cookies after dinner, you could say 5 + 5 + 5 = 15. To simplify this problem, you could say 3 x 5 = 15. You could also use the array at the beginning of the lesson to illustrate the problem.

Arrays, like the one at the beginning of the lesson, can also be used to represent multiplication problems and word problems involving multiplication.

When you look at an array, you need to know the difference between a row and a column. A row runs horizontally and a column runs vertically.

• How many rows make up the array?
• How many columns make up the array?