Wetlands: Review

Contributor: Samantha Penna. Lesson ID: 11293

Wouldn't it be sad if the only place you could see wetlands was in a museum? You will design your own wetlands display and think about how to preserve them so they will exist outside a museum exhibit!


Life Science

learning style
personality style
Grade Level
Intermediate (3-5)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!


What are the four major types of wetlands?

You have learned so much about wetlands in this series!

Let's review what you have learned. (If you want a more thorough review, check out the Related Lessons in the right-hand sidebar.)

There are four major types of wetlands: marshes, swamps, bogs, and fens.


  • The ground is covered by water most of the year.
  • Soft-stemmed plants can be found here.
  • Tidal salt marshes are found on coastlines.
  • Tidal freshwater marshes are found inland from coastlines.
  • Inland marshes are found by lakes and rivers.
  • Plants such as grasses, reeds, bulrushes, lily pads, and sedges are found here.
  • Crustaceans, insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals can be found here.
  • Crocodiles and hippopotamuses can be found in marshes.


  • The ground stays wet all year round.
  • Freshwater swamps are found around lakes and streams.
  • Saltwater swamps are found around tropical coastlines.
  • Mosses, ferns, trees, lilies, and shrubs can be found in swamps.
  • Crustaceans, insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals can be found here.
  • Alligators are commonly found in swamps.


  • Bogs are found in cooler climates around freshwater lakes.
  • Bogs are generally completely covered in decaying plant matter called peat.
  • Moss, heather, fungus, and shrubs can be found growing here.
  • Insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals can be found here.


  • Fens do not get their water from rainfall.
  • Fens get water from runoff and groundwater.
  • Fens have some peat on the surface. If the peat completely covers the surface, it will become a bog.
  • Fens have flowing water all year round.
  • Grasses, wildflowers, sedges, and rushes are found here.
  • Mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and birds live here.

Great! You completed the short review of wetlands. Move on to the next section to continue reviewing.

Elephango's Philosophy

We help prepare learners for a future that cannot yet be defined. They must be ready for change, willing to learn and able to think critically. Elephango is designed to create lifelong learners who are ready for that rapidly changing future.