Pop-Culture POSHAMI: Figurative Language

Contributor: Michelle Harris. Lesson ID: 10796

What in the world is POSHAMI? It's not an Oriental side dish but a way of remembering the 7 techniques of figurative language. Explore pop culture video, favorite songs and your room to learn POSHAMI!



English / Language Arts
learning style
Auditory, Visual
personality style
Lion, Beaver
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Skill Sharpener

Lesson Plan - Get It!


Think about your favorite book. Why do you like it? What makes it interesting?

When you think of the book, does a particular scene or image come to mind? What was it that the author did to make you visualize that particular scene?

Take a moment to draw a quick sketch of the image that came to mind when you were thinking about your favorite book.

When you are finished drawing, jot down a few words that come to mind as well. When you are done, discuss your work with your parent or teacher. Explain why you chose that particular scene, what the words mean, and how the author captured your attention.

Now, think about this sentence: "The boy ran." It is pretty basic, right? It does the job, it tells you what you need to know, but it is not very interesting.

Imagine reading a whole paragraph of simple sentences like this one; you would likely fall asleep! In order to keep a reader interested, and make the reader feel as though he or she is a part of a story, writers use many techniques to "spice up" their writing. The most common technique is the use of figurative language.

In this lesson, you will explore the seven most common types of figurative language.

In order to explore the world of figurative language, you are going to make a foldable. Gather five pieces of construction paper and some markers, and staples or glue. Once you have all your supplies in hand, watch this video on How to make a foldable:


Now that your foldable is ready, it is time to learn about POSHAMI (Personification, Onomatopoeia, Simile, Hyperbole, Alliteration, Metaphor, Idioms).

Watch POSHAMI- The 7 Techniques of Figurative Language:


  1. While watching the video, take notes in the foldable you created. Create one tab for each of the seven figurative language techniques and its definition.
  2. Watch the video again. This time, follow the actions of the students; this will help you remember each of the noted figurative language techniques.
  3. On each of the tabs of your foldable, brainstorm some examples for each figurative language technique.

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