Earth's Crust: Earth's Layers and Volcanoes

Contributor: Victoria Surface. Lesson ID: 10499

Have you ever eaten a fresh apple pie? There are nice warm apples inside the crust! The earth has a crust too, and volcanoes help us know what's inside. Discover more in this hot lesson!


Earth Science

learning style
Auditory, Visual
personality style
Lion, Otter
Grade Level
Intermediate (3-5)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!

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  • Have you ever wondered what lies beneath the surface of our planet?

One fascinating way to gain insight into the earth's interior is by studying volcanoes. These explosive natural phenomena provide clues about the composition and behavior of the earth's crust.

  • So, what can we learn about the earth's inside from volcanoes?
  • Are all volcanoes the same?

Delve into the world of volcanoes and uncover the secrets they hold!

There are internal and external forces constantly changing the earth.

  • Internal forces cause changes that happen inside the earth.
  • External forces cause changes that happen outside the earth.

In this lesson, explore the layers of the earth, the internal forces that cause change, and the different types of volcanoes.

As you learn, take notes on the Graphic Organizer – Notes, found under the Downloadable Resources in the right-hand sidebar.

Watch the video below for an introduction to volcanoes. You can always pause to take notes!

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Wow! That was a lot of information.

Keep adding to your notes as you answer these questions.

  • What makes up the outer core of the earth?
  • What is the difference between the earth's mantle and crust?
  • How do scientists know that what is underneath the earth's crust differs from what is on top?

Check out Structure of the Earth! to expand on your answers.

  • What are the types of volcanoes?

Check out Types of Volcanoes for more information.

  • Why are volcanoes so important to scientists?

Check out Volcanologist facts for kids to discover more.

Great work completing your note sheet!

Now, move on to the Got It? section for some fun activities!

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