The Persian Empire

Contributor: Ryann Maginn. Lesson ID: 12597

What if you got a letter in the mail from 2,500 years ago? It's possible, because the Persians created a mail system and a way of writing, that long ago! Find out more about this empire and its kings!



learning style
personality style
Grade Level
Intermediate (3-5)
Lesson Type
Skill Sharpener

Lesson Plan - Get It!

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Did you know the Persian Empire began their own monetary system and postal system similar to what we have today? And that was so long ago!

The Persian Empire began its rule under Cyrus the Great in 550 B.C.

Despite taking over areas with violence, the Persian Empire held a peaceful rule in the beginning and allowed people to live their lives how they wanted. The empire spanned from India to Europe, mostly controlling areas in the Middle East. This was the biggest nation at the time.

Review the map to get a better idea of where they ruled:

Map of the Persian Empire

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After the third king, Darius, when his rule ended, the people in the Persian Empire started rebelling and fighting back. Darius had ruled for 36 years during the time the Persian Empire had reached its peak. After people started rebelling, the empire was then conquered in 331 B.C. by Alexander the Great.

Below, you will watch a short video about the Persian Empire. As you watch, take notes and consider the following questions:

  • How has the Persian Empire influenced modern society? What aspects of this Empire can be seen in how we live today?
  • Why is it important to learn about this part of history?

Now that you are prepared, watch The Persian Empire, from, for more information about this portion of history. Remember to take notes and consider the questions above:

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  • What did you notice about all four rulers of the Persian Empire?
  • What do they have in common?
  • Since this particular empire had only one ruler at a time, what type of government do you think this region had? Monarchy or democracy?

Once you have answered these questions, proceed to the Got It? section, where you will answer a few challenging but exciting questions about the Persian Empire!

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