Division Word Problems

Contributor: Rachel Lewis. Lesson ID: 12134

Simple math problems, like 75 ÷ 5 = 15 are simple. But when the problem is in word form, it can be a problem! Learn how to find the figures you need to solve word problems in two easy steps!

categories

Elementary

subject
Math
learning style
Visual
personality style
Lion
Grade Level
Intermediate (3-5)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!

Audio:

How can you find the answer in a division word problem? How do you know what the problem is asking? There are many strategies we can use to solve a word problem using division, and here they are!

Before we try to solve a word problem with division, you must learn how to read the problem.

There are two steps in every division word problem:

  1. the total number of objects
  2. the equal sharing or dividing of the total number of objects

Take a look at these two steps in action!

Six students sold 438 concert tickets altogether. Each student sold the same number of tickets. How many tickets did each student sell?

  1. The total number of objects: The students sold 438 concert tickets altogether. So, 438 is the total number of tickets.
  2. The equal division of the total number of objects: Each student sold equal amounts of tickets. The total number of tickets is equally divided by six students.

Another way to look at a division problem is to use a model like the one below:

first problem

Now, we can solve our problem:

     

7

3

 

6

4

3

8

 

-

4

2

 
     

1

8

   

-

1

8

       

0

 

Each student sold 73 tickets.


Let’s look at another example.

The baker put 216 cookies equally into eight jars. How many cookies are there in each jar?

Try the problem on your own paper. First, choose your method. You can use the two steps to help you read the problem, or draw a model to help you visualize the problem.

Share your answer with a parent or teacher.

Did you get an answer of 27 cookies? Great job!

Read the explanation below. If you made a mistake, correct your answer.

First, use the two-step method:

  1. The total number of objects: 216 cookies
  2. How many equal groups? 8 jars

Next, look at the model:

second problem

Now, we can divide to find the quotient:

     

2

7

 

8

2

1

6

 

-

1

6

 
     

5

6

   

-

5

6

       

0

 

There are 27 cookies in each jar.

Which method do you like to use? Do you like to use the two steps to read the problem or draw the model?

Use your new strategies in the Got It? section to solve word problems on your own.

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