Lesson Plan - Get It!
Did you know a sponge is a living thing?
Have you ever cleaned dishes, sponge painted, or used a sponge to wipe down kitchen counters?
The sponge below is the usual sponge that you might see in your kitchen, but did you know sponges are living creatures? Don't worry, though! Your kitchen sponge and sponges you can buy at the stores were never living things!
Sponges can be found in the salty ocean or in freshwater lakes. What do you notice about the texture and physical appearance of the sponge pictured below? Tell a parent or teacher what you see.
Did you notice the sponge looks rough and bumpy? Did you notice the pores on the sponge? Fantastic! Look at the artificial sponge above and the real sponge below. Discuss the similarities and differences between the two sponges with your parent or teacher.
Sponges have pores. Pores are little holes that allow water to move in and out of the sponge. Sponges need to move water throughout their bodies to survive. This is how sponges eat! They are filter feeders. They suck up the water around them, then they filter out any nutrients or organisms they don't want to eat.
Did you know a sponge's cells are very different from most animal cells? Sponge cells all have special jobs. For example, the cells in a sponge will shrink and expand the sponge's pores to help the sponge filter water. The water that filters through the sponge provides it with food and oxygen while also removing waste.
Sponges are animals, even though they may not look like it! Each and every sponge is shaped differently. Sponges grow in a way that allows all the water to filter through the central cavity. The central cavity is where all the nutrients are deposited.
All sponges are filter feeders. They filter water through their pores. They take the nutrients, plankton, and other creatures in their pores and consume them. They filter the water and waste out. When a sponge can't get the nutrients it needs from the water, it will sometimes eat small crustaceans. Some examples of small crustaceans are crabs and shrimp.
Sponges reproduce by releasing sperm cells into the water. This fertilizes the eggs of other sponges. The eggs turn into larvae. The larvae swim to a new location, settle down, then grow into a sponge! Some sponges are grown through regeneration. If a piece of a sponge breaks off, sometimes that piece regenerates itself and grows into a whole new sponge!
Before moving on to the next section, write down three facts you learned about sponges. Share these facts with a parent or teacher.