*Contributor: Meghan Vestal. Lesson ID: 11316*

Do you know what a "times table" is? You can't eat off it, but you can learn how to multiply using it! Multiplication helps shorten long addition problems. Learn a song and play online games to begin!

categories

subject

Math

learning style

Auditory, Visual

personality style

Lion, Beaver

Grade Level

Intermediate (3-5)

Lesson Type

Quick Query

Margot has four children. If each child eats his or her dinner, they will get two cookies for dessert. How many cookies does Margot need to make sure each child gets two cookies?

Multiplication is just a way to simplify long addition problems.

For example, if Margot has four children and each child gets two cookies after dinner, you could say:

2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8.

You could also simplify this problem by saying 2 x 4 = 8.

Your multiplication tables are one of the most important mathematical concepts you will ever learn! Almost everyone uses multiplication every day. It helps your parents set a household budget, calculate the total cost of purchases at a store, and determine how much of certain ingredients are needed when cooking.

When learning your times tables, it is best to start with the twos. In this lesson, you will master your two times tables.

One of the best ways to learn your times tables is by listening to them with music. You will find that the more you listen to a times tables song, the faster you will be able to sing it. Start learning your two times tables by listening to the song *2 Times Tables Song – Numberjacks *(below):

Listen to the song two or three times. Once you start to get the hang of the song, try singing along!

Look at the multiplication table below. The two times tables have been highlighted. If you are uncertain how to use a multiplication table, read over "Using a Multiplication Table: Overview" (Houghton Mifflin Company).

- What do you observe when you look at the highlighted sections?
- Is there a pattern?
- Do any numbers recur often?

Discuss your observations with a teacher or parent.

*Multiples* are the products of a specific number. When learning your times tables, you want to memorize the multiples for each number through 12. A few tips you can use to help you remember multiples of two are:

- Multiples of two are always
*even*numbers. If you are unsure what an even number is, review our lesson found under**Additional Resources**in the right-hand sidebar. - The product is always the same as adding the other number to itself. For example, the product of 2 x 8 is the same as the sum of 8 + 8.

Throughout this series, you will learn different tips and tricks, like the one just mentioned, to help you learn the times tables. Create a foldable to keep all these tips and tricks organized!

- Fold a piece of paper in half vertically, like a hot dog. When you open the fold, there should be a line running down the center of the paper.
- Using scissors, cut ten equally spaced lines to the fold. This will create 11 flaps.
- Number the flaps from 2-12.
- Under each flap, write any tips or tricks you learn to help you memorize that set of times tables. You can start by writing the tips you just learned under the '2' flap.

Think you know your two times tables? Move on to the *Got It?* section to practice solving multiplication problems with two.

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