Contributor: Meghan Vestal. Lesson ID: 11316
Do you know what a "times table" is? You can't eat off it, but you can learn how to multiply using it! Multiplication helps shorten long addition problems. Learn a song and play online games to begin!
Margot has four children. If each child eats his or her dinner, they will get two cookies for dessert. How many cookies does Margot need to make sure each child gets two cookies?
Multiplication is just a way to simplify long addition problems.
For example, if Margot has four children and each child gets two cookies after dinner, you could say:
2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8.
You could also simplify this problem by saying 2 x 4 = 8.
Your multiplication tables are one of the most important mathematical concepts you will ever learn! Almost everyone uses multiplication every day. It helps your parents set a household budget, calculate the total cost of purchases at a store, and determine how much of certain ingredients are needed when cooking.
When learning your times tables, it is best to start with the twos. In this lesson, you will master your two times tables.
One of the best ways to learn your times tables is by listening to them with music. You will find that the more you listen to a times tables song, the faster you will be able to sing it. Start learning your two times tables by listening to the song 2 Times Tables Song – Numberjacks (below):
Listen to the song two or three times. Once you start to get the hang of the song, try singing along!
Look at the multiplication table below. The two times tables have been highlighted. If you are uncertain how to use a multiplication table, read over "Using a Multiplication Table: Overview" (Houghton Mifflin Company).
What do you observe when you look at the highlighted sections? Is there a pattern? Do any numbers recur often? Discuss your observations with a teacher or parent.
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 

1 
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
2 
2 
4 
6 
8 
10 
12 
14 
16 
18 
20 
22 
24 
3 
3 
6 
9 
12 
15 
18 
21 
24 
27 
30 
33 
36 
4 
4 
8 
12 
16 
20 
24 
28 
32 
36 
40 
44 
48 
5 
5 
10 
15 
20 
25 
30 
35 
40 
45 
50 
55 
60 
6 
6 
12 
18 
24 
30 
36 
42 
48 
54 
60 
66 
72 
7 
7 
14 
21 
28 
35 
42 
49 
56 
63 
70 
77 
89 
8 
8 
16 
24 
32 
40 
48 
56 
64 
72 
80 
88 
96 
9 
9 
18 
27 
36 
45 
54 
63 
72 
81 
90 
99 
108 
10 
10 
20 
30 
40 
50 
60 
70 
80 
90 
100 
110 
120 
11 
11 
22 
33 
44 
55 
66 
77 
88 
99 
110 
121 
132 
12 
12 
24 
36 
48 
60 
72 
84 
96 
108 
120 
132 
144 
Multiples are the products of a specific number. When learning your times tables, you want to memorize the multiples for each number through 12. A few tips you can use to help you remember multiples of two are:
Throughout this series, you will learn different tips and tricks, like the one just mentioned, to help you learn the times tables. Create a foldable to keep all these tips and tricks organized!
Move on to the Got It? section to practice solving multiplication problems with two.
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