Lesson Plan - Get It!
Throughout WWI, African American men were encouraged to fight in the war. The image below shows some of the soldiers in the 369th Regiment who won the Croix de Guerre for gallantry in action. Take a look at this movie poster for "Our Colored Fighters" (NY Daily News), a 1915 documentary used as a rallying call for African Americans to join the military.
Image by an unknown photographer, via Wikimedia Commons, is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person's official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.
Imagine for a moment you are fighting a war for the country you love, putting your life and health on the line. When you come home victorious, you hope you have returned to a more democratic country, one that is more equal for all citizens. What do you think — did African Americans return home to a more welcoming America?
Take a moment to discuss the question from the beginning of the lesson with your teacher.
More than 350,000 African American males fought in segregated units during WWI. Although they returned home hopeful, you will learn that they continued to face prejudice and discrimination.
It's time to create a large web to organize the new information you will find in the sources that follow.
- Start by drawing a circle in the center, and writing in the center "Effects of WWI." There are several good web-creation apps that work well for creating this type of idea map.
- You will now read and view several resources.
- Each time a new effect is mentioned, write it in a smaller circle, and draw a line from the center of your web to connect the larger and smaller circles.
- Add any important or interesting details in a smaller circle that connects to the effect.
- Read and watch the following resources:
- The Global Effect of World War I (Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History). Please note that while this is a free site, you will be asked to provide personal information when creating your account.
- African Americans and World War I by Chad Williams — Hamilton College from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
- WWI - The Aftermath at watchmojo.com:
- Within your research findings, what information did you find to be the most surprising?
- What effect do you think created the greatest overall change in the United States?
Discuss your findings with your teacher, then continue on to the Got It? section to examine some major changes in society.