Regions of the United States: Northeast

Contributor: Jodi Powell. Lesson ID: 10677

The Northeast is the oldest, the smallest, the most highly populated, and the richest region in the United States! Learn more about this amazing geographical area!


United States

learning style
Auditory, Visual
personality style
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!

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  • Do you live in a small town, a big city, or the middle of suburbia?
  • Do you wake up to the sound of a rooster or to the sound of bustling city traffic?

If you live in the Northeast region of the United States, you could fall into any of these categories due to the region's rich and diverse geography. Keep reading to learn what makes the Northeast U.S. so unique and beautiful!

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The Northeast is the oldest, the smallest, the most highly populated, and the richest region in the United States!

The Northeast consists of nine states: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania (sometimes Delaware and Maryland are included in this region).

Begin by reading some of the basic U.S. State Facts about this region to learn more about the geography, history, and people who are truly unique, diverse, and highly important to the United States.


The Northeast region borders Canada, and its landscapes vary from the rocky coasts of New England to farms in the Ohio Valley.

Some of the key physical features of the Northeast include the following.

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Read about the geography and climate of the Northeastern United States. (Stop reading after the Climate section.) Take notes while reading this and the other reading assignments throughout the lesson.


The Northeast is the most densely populated region of the U.S.

Much of the Northeast is a megalopolis, a string of large cities that have grown together. The Northeast megalopolis comprises Boston, Washington D.C., New York City, and Philadelphia.

In fact, New York City is the most populated city in the U.S., and Philadelphia ranks number five.

The largest US cities: Cities ranked 1 to 100 lists them by population. Look through the list to identify those that are located in the Northeast.

Despite the high number of large cities in this region, it is also full of rural areas.

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History and People

This is where it all began! All nine of the Northeast states were a part of the original 13 colonials in the U.S.

Go back to the Northeastern United States entry and learn about its Culture. Read the subtopics about religion, ethnicity, and cuisine.

Now, travel to the Got It? section to familiarize yourself with these states.

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