How I Am Connected to Mesopotamia

Contributor: Danielle Childers. Lesson ID: 10451

Mesopotamia! That's a lot of syllables to say! It means land between the rivers and was the home of an ancient people and form of writing. Write a newspaper article all about it!


World, World

learning style
personality style
Otter, Beaver
Grade Level
Intermediate (3-5)
Lesson Type
Quick Query

Lesson Plan - Get It!

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Today, over 7 BILLION people are on the planet! Our brains have a hard time imagining that number.

There was a time thousands of years ago when there were a lot fewer people, and they mainly lived in one area of the planet.

The maps below show the population differences from 2500 BC to 2018 AD.

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This lesson is about the Mesopotamian civilization shown in the first map.

  • Are you ready to journey back in time?

Around 7,000 years ago, the people who lived on the planet didn't have homes they lived in for long periods.

They were called hunters and gatherers. They hunted and gathered their food from what was around them.

  • What does hunting mean?
  • What does it mean to gather something for food?

Discover the answers in the video below.

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Since the hunters and gatherers hunted animals and gathered plants and berries, the people had to move when their food source ran out.

Eventually, people learned how to farm the land.

  • How do you think this changed how people obtained food?
  • Have you seen farmland before?
  • If you have, what was growing on the farmland?

Look at this picture and explain what you think is growing on this farm.

Farm land in Dalat, Vietnam

Now, think back to the video of the hunters and gatherers.

  • If people began growing their food on a farm, would they have to keep moving around trying to find wild food or animals?

No, they wouldn’t and didn't!

Once people learned how to farm, they could build homes where they would live for a long time around that farmland. When people built houses close to each other, they created the first small towns and villages.

If people had not learned to farm, we would still be hunters and gatherers, moving from place to place, looking for food.

Watch the video below to learn how humans went from hunters and gatherers to farming.

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People who study history as their career are called historians.

Historians believe the first villages were built in the Fertile Crescent. Fertile means farmable land.

  • Do you know what shape a crescent is?

Here is a crescent.


The Fertile Crescent was a large crescent-shaped area for farming. A big part of that area was called Mesopotamia.

It is a big word that means land between the rivers.

  • Why do you think the land between rivers would be good for farming?

Below is a map of the Fertile Crescent. Using your finger, draw the purple crescent shape on the map.

Now, find the word Mesopotamia. It is between squiggly blue lines, which are rivers.

Fertile Crescent map

Many important things still used today were invented in Mesopotamia!

For example, the wheel, the measurement we call an hour, the measurement we call a year, writing, school (for rich boys), and the sailboat were invented then.

Check out this Ancient Mesopotamia slideshow to learn more.

Continue to the Got It? section!

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