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The 5 Themes of Geography

Contributor: Hallah Elbeleidy. Lesson ID: 10356

Geography is more than just maps and going up and down hills. It affects almost every part of our life (even Starbucks!). Watch videos and do some deep research to learn the five themes of geography!



learning style
personality style
Lion, Beaver
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8), High School (9-12)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!

  • What if I were to tell you that geography is more than just location?

Almost anything can be understood geographically, even the milk you poured onto your cereal this morning!

  • Would you believe it?

world painted on open hands

Without having read any information on the discipline of geography, the point is hopefully clear — geography is more than just a few dots on a map!

Just stating something doesn't make it true, so let's explore how geography finds its way into almost every facet of our life!

As you complete the following exercises, remember to jot down the major points of what you've read and watched. This information will be important for the next sections.


Examples of the Five Themes of Geography, by AmarraE, at Sciencing.


What is Geography?, from National Geographic

5 Themes of geography, by Belinda Saldaña:

Five Themes of Geography, by Taylor Semingson:

The most important takeaway from this lesson can be summed up in one statement: Geography is interdisciplinary.

What this means is geography does a great job at incorporating bits and pieces from many different fields, including, but not limited to, science, arts, health, humanities, law, business, engineering, and technology.

What distinguishes geography from other sciences that are also interdisciplinary is the focus on location more than any other factor.

  • Ever hear the saying, “Location, location, location”?

Well, it’s not just a cliché! Geographers investigate spatial relationships, meaning that geography understands a topic through the varied fields that make up that topic and builds links among these findings and the topic’s geographical space.

Geography isn’t just something you know, but something you do!

So, continue on to the Got It? section to practice what you've learned.

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