Lesson Plan - Get It!
The Shining is a psychological horror film directed by Stanley Kubrick and starring Jack Nicholson. Finding Nemo is a computer-animated film starring Alexander Gould as Nemo. Saving Private Ryan is a war film with an all-star cast by Stephen Spielberg. The underlined word in each of these film titles is an example of a present participle. What function do participles play in our writing and speech?
Participles are verbs used as adjectives.
Remember, adjectives are words used to describe nouns. Adding -ing or -ed as a suffix on a verb turns the verb into a participle that can be used to describe a person, place, or thing.
- The present participle acts as an adjective with an active meaning, e.g., The situation confuses the voters. It is a confusing situation.
- The passive participle acts as an adjective with a passive meaning, e.g., The voters are confused by the problem. They are confused voters.
This seems simple enough, so continue on to the Got It? section for some practice.