Lesson Plan - Get It!
Your family's last name is Zwynacsupal.
(Sorry, by the way. That last name would have been hard to spell in elementary school!)
Your family is sending out holiday cards, and you want to sign them with the plural of your last name.
- How would you pluralize your family's last name?
Read on to find out!
Plurals and possessives can get tricky.
- When to add -s?
- When to use an apostrophe?
- When to use both?!
This lesson will explain some simple tricks and tips to know exactly how to handle these situations.
In the example above, the first answer is correct: Zwynacsupals.
- If you were asked to pluralize your real last name for a holiday card, how would you do it?
The answer might surprise you: You never use an apostrophe to pluralize. Never!
So, if your last name does not end in s or a similar sound (z, ch), you simply add s. Here are some examples:
If your name does end in s or a similar sound (z, ch), add -es to the end. Take a look:
In the case of last names that end in x, you add -s if the x is not pronounced:
If the x is pronounced, add -es:
So that's how you would handle pluralizing names.
- What about everything else?
Pluralizing Other Nouns
The good news is, pluralizing other nouns follows the same rules as the last-name situation above!
Generally, if a word ends in f or fe, the f will change to a v when pluralized:
wife ⇒ wives
wolf ⇒ wolves
However, there are exceptions to this rule such as roofs, chefs, clefs, and beliefs.
If a word ends in y, the ending depends on what precedes the y. If it is a consonant, the ending becomes -ies. If it is a vowel, the ending is simply -s:
kitty ⇒ kitties
tray ⇒ trays
And, in most cases, when a word ends in o, the appropriate ending is -es:
tomato ⇒ tomatoes
potato ⇒ potatoes
Sheep was a trick question! It remains unchanged, whether singular or plural.
- Now, what about possessives?
Click through to the Got It? section to learn how to form possessives and combine both to make plural possessives!