Lesson Plan - Get It!
There are really only two things required to make a sentence, as long as it expresses a complete thought.
Keep reading to find out!
To make a sentence, you need a subject and a verb. That's it!
As long as it expresses a complete thought, it's a sentence!
This type of sentence is called a simple sentence.
This is the basic building block of writing; however, there are other building blocks that make different types of sentences.
They are compound sentences, complex sentences, and compound-complex sentences.
What Are Compound Sentences?
Compound sentences are two or more independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction.
An independent clause is a complete thought that has a subject and verb and can stand alone as a sentence.
These two clauses are joined by a conjunction. The coordinating conjunction can be remembered with the mnemonic device FANBOYS:
If you made an equation to demonstrate how to construct a compound sentence, it would look like this:
independent clause + coordinating conjunction + independent clause = compound sentence
You may have heard of the song Conjunction Junction before. It's from a fun animated series called Schoolhouse Rock!
Watch Schoolhouse Rock: Grammar - Conjunction Junction Music Video, from Disney Educational Productions, to learn more about how this type of conjunction works:
What Are Complex Sentences?
Complex sentences contain at least one subordinate clause.
A subordinate clause is a clause that adds information to a sentence but cannot stand on its own as a complete sentence. It is dependent on the main independent clause.
These clauses are often added to a main clause through the use of subordinating conjunctions.
There are many subordinating conjunctions. Here are some of the most common ones:
||in order that
||as long as
The equation for a complex sentence can look like this:
subordinate clause + independent clause = complex sentence
independent clause + subordinate clause = complex sentence
Sometimes, the subordinate clause will appear in the middle of the sentence. Sometimes there will be more than one subordinating clause in a sentence.
They don't call it complex for nothing!
For a bit more in-depth explanation, you can watch Subordinating conjunctions | The parts of speech | Grammar | Khan Academy:
So What Are Compound-Complex Sentences?
A compound-complex sentence is one that includes at least two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction and at least one subordinate clause.
The equations for this type of sentence get tricky in a hurry.
independent clause + subordinate clause + independent clause
subordinate clause + independent clause + independent clause
independent clause + independent clause + subordinate clause
There are all sorts of ways to make compound-complex sentences; the examples above are just a few examples. That's the beauty of writing: there is limitless creative potential.
If you need a summary, watch Compound-Complex Sentences | Learning English | Easy Teaching:
Okay, so it's not exactly super easy. But, with practice, it will be!
Click through to the Got It? section for some helpful practice getting this down.