Lesson Plan - Get It!
Throughout the history of art, there have been many art movements but none quite like the surrealist art movement!
One major focus of the surrealism movement was to depict and illustrate the world of dreams and the imagination come to life.
- So, what is surrealism exactly?
Let's find out. Watch What is Surrealism? | Tate Kids for a brief overview:
As you learned in the video, surrealism was a movement of art and literature that began in the 1920s. It is a style of art that focuses on things like dreams, the imagination, and the fantasy world. The word sur-real actually means to go above or in addition to something that is real and exists in reality. So, a surrealist artist is one who practices or creates art that conveys something beyond what we experience and see in everyday life.
Take a look at this surrealist painting:
- Could this scene exist in reality?
- Could we see something like this in our dreams?
That is what surrealist art is all about. It is art that focuses on things that are irrational and nonsensical, like our dreams often are.
Surrealist art also explores a part of the mind called the subconscious. We are not consciously aware of our subconscious.
Surrealist art also focuses on the illogical things that don't really make a lot of sense. Surrealist artist Salvador Dali often portrayed the illogical and nonsensical in his work. One of his most famous paintings is called "The Persistence of Memory" shown here:
Image by Salvador Dali, courtesy of WikiArt, falls under Fair Use.
Many surrealist artists also depict manipulated aspects of reality in their paintings and art works by juxtaposing the size of objects and their environments. For example, this famous painting by surrealist artist Rene Magritte, titled "The Listening Room," depicts a giant green apple that takes up the space of an entire room!
Image by Rene Magritte, courtesy of WikiArt, falls under Fair Use.
- Could that happen in reality?
The surrealist art movement has influenced our modern day society in many ways. Think about the fantastic and imaginary worlds in video games, movies, and animations. We know many of the things we see do not exist in reality and aren't possible. They are surreal, just like surrealist art is!
Great work in the Get It! section. Let's move on to the Got It? section to check your knowledge about surrealism.