Lesson Plan - Get It!
Have you ever been to a lake? If so, what animals did you see there? Did these animals have things in common? Were they interesting, cute, weird, funny, cool?
Lakes and ponds are home to many plants and animals.
In the previous Related Lessons, found in the right-hand sidebar, you learned about the difference between lakes and ponds, the four zones, and interesting plants that can be found in lakes and ponds. Share what you have learned about lakes and ponds with your parent or teacher. Make sure you discuss:
- The difference between lakes and ponds.
- The four zones.
- Types of plants that are found in lakes and ponds.
If you had trouble remembering all of this important information, you can refer back to your outline. The outline you created in the last lesson includes everything you have learned about so far. During this lesson, you will be adding to your outline. As you read about new animals, add them to your outline.
Animals rely on lakes and ponds, just likes humans do! What are some animals you have seen in or around lakes and ponds? Share your answers with your parent or teacher. The most common animals that are found in lakes and ponds are fish!
Fish are animals that live in the water their entire lives. They have gills that allow them to breathe underwater. Some examples of common fish that are found in lakes and ponds include: bass, carp, trout, cod, flounder, and mackerel.
Fish come in many shapes and sizes. A great example of a fish that is found in lakes and ponds is a flounder. These fish have great camouflage. You can usually find them laying at the bottom of lakes and ponds. Their flat, brown bodies allow them to lay at the bottom of the lake and blend in with their surroundings. Since they spend so much time laying on the ground, their eyes are at the top of their head. Did you know that baby flounder are born with eyes on the sides of their heads? They spend so much time laying flat at the bottom of the water that one of their eyes moves towards the top of their head. Check out the flounder below. Can you see the eyes on the top of its head? Don't forget to add flounder to your outline.
Frogs, like bullfrogs, are also found in and around lakes and ponds. Bullfrogs have webbed feet that allow them to swim quickly through the water. Bullfrogs are amphibians that lay their eggs in lakes and ponds. Their babies hatch as tadpoles and grow into frogs. Check out the bullfrog below. Make sure you add bullfrogs to your outline.
Another example of an animal that is commonly found in and around lakes and ponds is a snail. Snails have a soft body and a hard shell that is used to protect them. If a snail comes in contact with a predator, it will go back into its shell to protect itself. Don't forget to add snails to your outline.
Zooplankton can also be found in lakes and ponds. They are microscopic organisms. This means they are very small animals. Zooplankton float around in lakes and ponds and make a great food source for small animals. Zooplankton eat other microscopic animals. The image below shows zooplankton:
You did an excellent job reading about animals found in lakes and ponds! Did you add flounder, bullfrogs, snails, and zooplankton to your outline? Great!
Share your outline with your parent or teacher. Did you include facts about each animal from this lesson?
Once you think your outline is complete, move on to the Got It? section.