Predator-Prey Relationships

Contributor: Meghan Vestal. Lesson ID: 11056

Sharks have a bad rep, and rightfully so. They are fearsome predators! There are other dangerous (and deadly!) animals everywhere! How do they affect the ecosystem, and where do you fit in? Learn now!


Life Science

learning style
personality style
Lion, Otter
Grade Level
Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!


What type of relationship do the animals in the image above have? Which would you rather be at that moment?

The animals pictured above have a predator-prey relationship.

A predator-prey relationship describes the interactions between a consumer that hunts (predator) and the consumer that is hunted (prey). In the predator-prey relationship pictured above, the shark is the predator because it is the animal that is hunting for a smaller organism to eat. The smaller fish is the prey because it is the organism being hunted by a larger animal.

To learn more about predator-prey relationships, visit Idaho Public Television's page, Predators! After watching the video, be sure to click on the different tabs to read articles, watch more videos, and play games.

Finally, watch the following three short videos (below). As you watch the videos, answer the following questions on a separate piece of paper or in your science notebook:

  • What animals in the videos are considered predators?
  • What animals in the videos are considered prey?
  • What are characteristics of predators?
  • What are characteristics of prey?
  • Why are predator-prey relationships necessary?

When you have finished watching the videos, discuss your answers with a teacher or parent.

The Perfect Predator, from Joan Jett, Hello World!, Discovery:


Mama Grizzly Bear Dives for Fish, from Christina Aguilera, Hello World!, Discovery:


Wolves Master Winter Hunting, from Joan Jett, Hello World!, Discovery:


Continue on to the Got It? section to be the predator that finds the answers in an online game!

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