Regions of the U.S. - Northeast

Contributor: Jodi Powell. Lesson ID: 10677

The Northeast is the oldest, the smallest, the most highly populated, and the richest region in the United States! Learn more with online research and activities, and written and PowerPoint projects!


United States

learning style
Auditory, Visual
personality style
Grade Level
Intermediate (3-5), Middle School (6-8)
Lesson Type
Dig Deeper

Lesson Plan - Get It!

  • Do you live in a small town, a big city, or the middle of suburbia?
  • Do you wake up to the sound of a rooster, or to the sound of bustling city traffic?

If you live in the Northeast region of the United States, you could fall into any of these categories due to the region's rich and diverse geography. Keep reading to learn what makes the Northeast U.S. so unique and beautiful!

The Northeast is the oldest, the smallest, the most highly populated, and the richest region in the United States!

The Northeast consists of nine states: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania (sometimes Delaware and Maryland are included in this region as well).

Begin by reading about some of the basic facts of this region with this brief U.S. State Facts article ( The geography, history, and people of this region are truly unique, diverse, and highly important to the United States.


The Northeast region borders Canada, and its landscapes vary from the rocky coasts of New England to farms in the Ohio Valley.

Some of the key physical features of the Northeast include:

Read from the beginning of the New World Encyclopedia article Northeastern United States through the Climate section to learn more about the Northeast geography. Take notes while reading this and the other reading assignments throughout the lesson.


The Northeast is the most densely populated region of the U.S.

Much of the Northeast is a megalopolis, a string of large cities that have grown together. The Northeast megalopolis consists of Boston, Washington D.C., New York City, and Philadelphia. In fact, New York City is the most populated city in the U.S., and Philadelphia ranks number five.

The largest US cities ( lists the largest 100 cities in the U.S. by population. Look through the list to identify those that are located in the Northeast. Despite the high number of large cities in this region, it is also full of rural areas.

History and People

This is where it all began! All nine of the Northeast states were a part of the original 13 colonials in the U.S.

Let's go back to the New World Encyclopedia and read the section of the article labeled Northeastern United States - Culture. Read the subtopics about religion, ethnicity, and cuisine.

Now, travel on to the Got It? section to familiarize yourself with these states.

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